"Goju-Ryu" ( in Japanese) is a "karate" school derived from Okinawa, Japan. It mixes rigid forms, hard ("Go"), with soft forms ("Ju"), created by Chojun Miyagi, pupil of Master Kanryo Higaonna, the greatest authority of "Naha Te", a native martial art of Naha, the capital of Okinawa, before the Second World War.
Master Miyagi, after spending 4 years in China, where he trained the "Pa Kua Chang" and "Shaolin Chuan" styles, analyzing the movements of the animals, returned to Okinawa and based on the "YIN-YANG" principles (the negative and the positive energies of the universe), he joined the flexibility of the Chinese arts to the hardness of the "Naha-Te", bringing forth the "Goju-Ryu" - The Rigid and Flexible School.
Breathing is the fundamental base of "Karate", evidenced mainly in the forms of the two basic "Goju-Ryu katas":
It is clearly seen in these "Katas" the "heavy" and the "light" (strength and flexibility), as well as the process of attracting the macrocosmic energy, which is put forth in the exercises ("kihons"). The whole joint is presented in the "Kaishu Gata" (formal training of open hand).
For better understanding:
GO = rigid, as in "Sanchin-Zen",
The "Goju-Ryu" is a "Karate" style that seeks the balance of the opposites, of the antagonistic and complementary energies. It teaches us how to act: with energy or kindness, fast or smoothly.
Practicing "Goju-Ryu" is learning how to be as the water: fluid and formless, enabling, therefore, taking any form, calm and smooth or turbulent, but both having the power to go through any obstacle, even the ones that seem to be the most resistant. The "Goju-Ryu" is also characterized for its circular movements.
Using short and long technique forms, we can make good use of two important tools of our body: the internal system (mystic and esoteric parts) and the external system (muscular part).
Source: part of this text was extracted from wikipédia encyclopedia.
The positions, forms, movements and strikes that motivated the writing of the book "Karate-Do" by "Shihan" Douglas Diana is denominated "Katathinba" (The Crippled). Everything was idealized by Chojun Miyagi (founder of "Goju-Ryu" style), who demonstrated it in the Sainekan Budo festival, in Tokyo Imperial Palace, in 1930, during the crowning ceremony of prince Hiroito, though the forms were developed by "Shihan" Douglas Diana, who accomplished them in 2007.
The principle of these forms is similar to a feline assault preparation, going through the "broken" form (crippled). The impact is struck in the short form, with the body bones all fitted together, concluding with the classic, known, long form stroke, letting the energy flow against the opponent ("komeru"). This procedure, with short and long movements and their respective "bunkais" (applications), is conjoint with the breathing ("Kokyu Donto), that is the "karate" fundamental base, through which the cosmic energy "ki" is absorbed and recycled.
Although the book presents the theoretical aspects of the "Goju-Ryu" style, this form can be adapted and applied to others styles as well, with great effectiveness.
The "katas" can be performed in the straight form, in forty-five degrees, as well as mixing up both forms.